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San Francisco, CA
Tim Zheng
Home  >  Companies  >  Apollo
Apollo is a sales intelligence and engagement platform.







Growth Rate (y/y)








Sacra estimates that hit $96M in annual recurring revenue (ARR) in 2023, up 100% from $48M in 2022 for a 16.6x forward revenue multiple on their $1.6B valuation (August 2023).

Apollo experienced steady growth in annual recurring revenue (ARR) over the past six years. Beginning with an ARR of $2.5M in 2018, the company's revenue increased to $5M in 2019, showing a 100% growth. In 2020, Apollo's ARR rose to $8M, a 60% increase from the previous year.

The following year, 2021, saw a further increase in ARR to $24M, which is a 200% rise compared to 2020. Apollo's ARR doubled to $48M in 2022.

Compare to ZoomInfo at $1.26B in annualized revenue at the end of Q3’23, up 9% from Q2’23 for a 4x forward multiple on their $5B market cap and Outreach at $250M ARR in 2023, up 11% from $225M ARR in 2022 for a 17.6x forward revenue multiple on their $4.4B valuation (June 2021)

Business Model


Apollo found product-market fit giving SMB and startup sales teams access to a vertically integrated set of lead prospecting and outreach tools.

As of the late 2000’s, sales teams would use data brokers like Dun & Bradstreet or ZoomInfo to get lead lists and then import them into a CRM like Salesforce. Around 2010, ZoomInfo started differentiating from the pure data brokers by layering on tools for email validation, list segmentation, and database cleaning.

By 2015, ZoomInfo had strong positioning in the mid-market. Their customers typically had an existing sales stack but needed a data provider to get fresh leads into Salesforce. They solved the data product retention problem—where customers would sign up for a specific dataset and then cancel—by having their customers pre-pay for a year.

Apollo made the early key observation that 1) startups and SMBs increasingly wanted access to the same kind of data that ZoomInfo offered but didn’t want to pre-pay $9K on an annual contract, and 2) those startups and SMBs often didn’t have the same level of sophistication in their stack, and could therefore benefit from an all-in-one data and workflow tool. 

Going bottom-up and self-serve contra ZoomInfo’s top-down, enterprise approach, Apollo added $50/month and $100/month SMB-focused plans—to target the large market of SMBs that wanted ZoomInfo-like data without a $9K annual contract.

Apollo prices prospecting similarly to how ZoomInfo does, with both per-seat pricing and usage-based pricing around the number of records exported, but packages them with email and calling which customers get “for free”.



Apollo launched as a web scraping product with workflow tools layered on that helped sales teams quickly generate lists of leads and start emailing them immediately. Today, it is a go-to-market (GTM) platform that teams use to not just generate leads but prioritize outreach, create messages through generative AI, forecast revenue, and make calls.

Sales teams typically begin using Apollo by building an ideal customer profile (ICP) based on industry, company size, headcount, ARR, HQ location, and other data points. By applying those to a filter in Apollo, they can instantly generate a list of companies.

They can then drill down into that list of companies with various persona traits—title, seniority, department, and more—to create a list of individuals who they want to target. After saving those individuals to a list, they can either export it in CSV form to import into a CRM or email tool, or they can begin sending emails and making phone calls to them directly from within Apollo.

Key Apollo features include a Chrome extension for easy access to contact details while browsing sites like LinkedIn, over 65 search filters, job change alerts, buying intent data, email sequences, a click-to-call dialer, and a task manager.

Additionally, it provides data enrichment, a rules engine, API integration, strong data security measures, and integrations with major CRM and marketing tools. has a database of over 250 million contacts and 60 million companies.


Salesforce's rich, flexible user model began to be commonplace in the early 2010's as every sales and marketing product—from HubSpot to Klaviyo—started to enable teams to enrich the customer data in their CRM with custom attributes.

Teams could buy data from brokers like ZoomInfo, pull it programmatically via a tool like Apollo, or get it via API with Clearbit, and then push that data into their sales and marketing stack in order to make their outreach more targeted.

What we're seeing today is that those two sides—data and workflow—are increasingly coming together as tools like Apollo look to vertically integrate them into the same product.


ZoomInfo, which was founded in 2007, began layering on software tools for cleaning and exporting data into your CRM around 2010. In 2020, shortly before going public in June, they executed on a big re-positioning as a “batteries included” go-to-market (GTM) platform that layers tools for email, live chat, and advertising on top of their database of 70M phone numbers and 174M email addresses.

As of ZoomInfo's last quarter, they have 1,869 customers with a greater than $100K annual contract value (ACV), 104% net revenue retention, and 40% profit margins. They've launched workflow products around sales ($40B TAM), operations ($30B TAM), marketing ($20B TAM), and recruiting ($10B TAM).


LinkedIn launched Sales Navigator in 2014 to help salespeople use their social networks and LinkedIn’s data on 950M+ people in 200 countries to build better lists, message prospects, and sync their leads into Salesforce—it grew to $1B in revenue as of 2021.


HubSpot launched as a sales and marketing suite for startups and SMBs in 2006. The company's early positioning was heavy on the emerging concept of inbound marketing—creating content and attracting users through social and organic search.

Today, HubSpot is an all-in-one suite for SMBs to manage their CRM, do customer service, run operations, reach out to and close leads, and more.

In 2023, HubSpot acquired the data enrichment platform Clearbit—and its data on 20 million companies and 500 million people. By acquiring Clearbit, HubSpot can natively integrate all of LinkedIn’s public data into its CRM for a "batteries included" user experience similar to ZoomInfo.

Unlike with Salesforce’s acquisition of the now-shuttered Jigsaw in 2010, Clearbit’s downside risk is mitigated by its purely programmatic scraping of exclusively public data sources—the long-term upside lies in owning both data and the customer record to drive a step function increase in AI personalization in sales & marketing.

TAM Expansion

As the rise of LLMs like GPT-4 takes pure data sales and martech tools to zero and every sales product looks to integrate both data and workflow, we're seeing the competition to vertically integrate data and workflow heating up.

As a go-to-market platform that brings sales, biz dev, marketing and exec teams into one place, presents an insurgent threat to the all-in-one vision of tools like HubSpot.

Sacra expects the growing feature overlap between originally data-based tools like ZoomInfo and Apollo and workflow tools like HubSpot to drive consolidation as teams look to reduce redundant spend in 2024, reversing the trend of proliferation that we saw in sales tech from 2013 (~400 sales SaaS) to 2023 (1,000+ sales SaaS).

In Apollo’s upside case, AI is an accelerant helping them bring sales, biz dev, marketing and exec teams together via the flywheel by which the more data that Apollo gets, the better the insights and efficiency improvements they can provide. The more you use Apollo’s workflow tools, the better they can help prioritize your prospects by buying intent, generate more personalized emails, and provide more accurate revenue forecasting and analytics.


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